Bard's approach to the liberal arts curriculum provides students and faculty with the opportunity to rethink traditional boundaries of academic divisions and disciplines. This flexible framework allows students to create plans of study that integrate the content and methodology of multiple fields. The areas of study listed in this section are interdisciplinary in nature, and draw on faculty, courses, and resources of the four academic divisions. Most of these fields are considered concentrations, and therefore require a student to moderate either simultaneously or sequentially into a primary program. The Senior Project combines the interdisciplinary theories and methods of the concentration with the disciplinary theories and methods of the program. Several of the fields in this section are stand-alone programs, in which students can major. These include American studies, Asian studies, classical studies, environmental and urban studies, French studies, German studies, human rights, Italian studies, Russian and Eurasian studies, and Spanish studies. Students may also opt for a multidisciplinary course of study, with permission of the Executive Committee.